Gynecology and Obstetrics

C-Section Birth

Cesarean delivery (C-section) is a surgical procedure used to deliver a baby through incisions in the abdomen and uterus.


A cesarean delivery is needed if a baby can’t be born vaginally for reasons such as the positioning of the baby or placenta, or because of other health risks to the mother or baby. Some C-sections are planned, but many are done when unexpected problems occur during labor for a planned vaginal delivery.

"C-Section Birth"

If everything goes smoothly, the procedure takes about an hour. The baby can usually be taken out in 10 to 15 minutes, or even faster in an emergency. After the baby is delivered, the womb and the various layers of the abdomen are carefully stitched up.

A spinal block or epidural is preferred for most cesarean deliveries because the baby is exposed to the lowest amount of medication and the mother can still actively participate in the baby’s birth. However, general anesthesia may be necessary in some cases.

Types of C-Sections

  • Planned C-section
  • Emergency C-section