Organ transplantation is an operation in which an organ is removed from the donor body and then placed in a recipient body to replace a damaged or missing organ. The donor and recipient may be in the same location, or organs from a donor located in a separate site may be transplanted to a recipient located elsewhere.
Fue “Folicular Unit Extraction"
The organs or tissues to be transplanted can be taken from living bodies or cadavers. Transplantation medicine is one of the most challenging and complex fields of modern medicine. The organs that can be successfully transplanted today include the heart, kidneys, liver, lungs, pancreas, intestine, thymus and uterus. When medical data are examined globally, it is seen that the most common transplanted organs are the kidneys, followed by the liver and heart.
In pediatric patients, cadaver and living options should be evaluated and transplantation should be done as early as possible. In pediatric patients, the donor is mostly the mother or father.
The biggest problem in organ transplantation in children is the inability to find an organ. Apart from this, since their anatomy is small and the vessels are thinner, it requires a more careful study.
For example, the vein of the organ is sutured to the larger veins of children and this procedure requires a surgical technique that can be obtained with maximum efficiency as it may cause surgical difficulties.
Tissues that can be transplanted include bones, tendons, cornea, skin, heart valves, nerves, and veins. Bone and tendon transplants are called musculoskeletal grafts. Cornea and musculoskeletal grafts are the most commonly transplanted tissues, and such transplants are performed much more commonly than organ transplants.
People who donate organs may be alive, dead, or individuals who have been brain-dead and whose lives are sustained by machines. It is possible to use organs removed from the body for transplantation within 24 hours after heartbeat has stopped or brain death has occurred. Most tissue types except corneas, unlike organs, can be preserved for up to five years and stored in special tissue “banks”.