Surgical oncology is the branch of surgery applied to oncology; it focuses on the surgical management of tumors, especially cancerous tumors. Its main goal is to find harmful tumors in your body and remove them.
Surgical oncology can help people during the early stages of cancer or when the condition is more advanced.
There are two types of cancer surgery:
Minimally Invasive Surgery
In open surgery, the surgical oncologist will make a large incision, usually to remove all or part of a tumor and some of the surrounding healthy tissue (margins).
Minimally invasive surgical
Laparoscopy: A surgical oncologist will make a few small incisions and insert a laparoscope—a thin tube with a tiny camera attached to it—into one of the incisions to capture an interior image, while inserting surgical tools into the other incisions to excise malignancies and surrounding tissue.
Laser surgery: The surgeon will use a narrow beam of high-intensity light to remove a tumor.
Cryosurgery: The surgeon will use liquid nitrogen to freeze and kill cancer cells.
Robotic surgery: This surgery is similar to a laparoscopic surgery. However, instead of manipulating surgical tools by hand, the surgeon uses a computer console to operate the robotic tools.